The NanoFrazor technology can be used for a wide range of applications. The following examples from various fields of nanotechnology give an overview of potential and real-world applications.

Optics on the nanometer scale play an important role in fields spanning from fundamental sciences to nanotechnology applications as modern diffractive, refractive or hybrid optics often contain nanoscale patterns. Applications range from micro-lens arrays, polarization filters and Fresnel lenses to compression of ultra-short laser pulses, holograms for quality inspection, security features and advanced astronomical devices.

The NanoFrazor with its unique 3D capabilities is an ideal tool to create arbitrary, smooth and nanometer-resolved surface profiles necessary to enable novel optics applications on the nanometer scale.

Nanophotonics focuses on analyzing and manipulating light-matter interactions at the sub-wavelength scale. Artificial nanostructures are used to guide and modify photons on-chip and to selectively modify their interactions with matter. Photon-based information processing requires a number of nanophotonic key components such as waveguides, couplers, switches, modulators, detectors, on-chip lasers, and photonic crystals.

The NanoFrazor’s unique and accurate 3D patterning capability opens the way for novel nanostructures, such as high-precision Gaussian-shaped 3D nanostructures for microcavities.

The field of plasmonics studies and uses optical phenomena that can be created in the nanoscale surroundings of electrical conducting materials. Nanostructures made for example from metals, absorb and scatter light at optical frequencies through surface plasmon resonances. The shape and size of the nanostructures define properties like the resonance frequency of the plasmons. Applications include metamaterials, near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy, electromagnetic antennas and filters in the visible spectrum or enhancement of fluorescence.

The NanoFrazor is capable of manufacturing complex and high-resolution metal nanostructures that are well suited for various plasmonic applications.

Semiconductor nanowires, carbon nanotubes or 2D materials like graphene or MoS2 hold enormous potential for electronic applications. High-quality nanofabrication is critical, as quantum effects start to play a dominant role. For example, tiny variations in the distance between the gate and channel have a huge impact and single defects at interfaces, e.g. trapped charges, can dominate the device performance. Particle-based lithography technologies like electron or ion beam lithography are known to create defects, and are only of limited use for the fabrication of beyond-CMOS devices.

The NanoFrazor technology is not beam-based, which avoids defects in nanoelectronics devices.

Hard disk drives are the most ubiquitous application of nanomagnetism. Hard disks consist of nanomagnets and a GMR (Giant Magnetic Resistance) sensor. MRAM (Magnetic Random Access Memory), another nano-scale technology under development, has the potential to replace present-day SRAM, DRAM and flash memories. Racetrack memory is another novel concept for magnetic memory where magnetic domains are moved along nanoscopic permalloy wires using electrical spin currents. Basic research is done on a wide range of nanomagnetic and spintronic effects.

The NanoFrazor Explore can be used to fabricate novel magnetic nanodevices.